Beyond Seven Review No. 55

Posted on Wed 21 October 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

  • Discussion on overfitting in cluster analysis
    Gelman on (not) using BIC for estimating number of clusters in a mixture model. "I think BIC is fundamentally different from AIC, WAIC, LOO, etc, in that all those other things are estimates of out-of-sample prediction error, while BIC is some weird thing that under certain ridiculous special cases corresponds to an approximation to the log marginal probability."

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

  • HATEOAS
    A section from PayPal's API style guide. Useful examples.

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺

  • On Weaponised Design
    On UX in an era of surveillance capitalism. "User Experience Design has blossomed from a niche industry in the halls of Silicon Valley’s early startup darlings to a force that architects our digital lives. Today, user experience design is wholly responsible for modelling human expression and self identity, and enabling interaction and participation online. Design today shares as much in common with information security research as it does with behavioural science or aesthetics. By failing to criticise common design practices or form cooperative relationships with other technology fields, user experience designers are effectively refusing to recognise and respond to traumatic cases of its own work being used to harm users."

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Beyond Seven Review No. 54

Posted on Wed 07 October 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

Counterantidisintermediation 🌔

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

  • Battling Expertise with the Power of Ignorance | Articles | Bill James Online
    """I want to point out to you in passing that “getting the answers right” had almost nothing to do with the success of my career. My reputation is based entirely on finding the right questions to ask—that is, in finding questions that have objective answers, but to which no one happens to know what the objective answer is. That’s what I did 35 years ago; that’s what I do now. When I do that, it makes almost no difference whether I get the answer right, or whether I get it a little bit wrong. Of course I do my very best to get the answers right, out of pride and caution, but it doesn’t actually matter. Why? Because if I don’t get the answer right, somebody else will."""

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 53

Posted on Wed 23 September 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

Counterantidisintermediation 🌔

  • How to Buy Drugs
    LRB piece on how the online drug market has changed the drug trade.

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺

  • White Words
    Aaron Bady on the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis. "“Eskimos Have Fifty Words for Snow” is an amazing phrase, because every word in it is wrong."
  • Statement on Gender and Language
    Statement on Gender and Language by the National Council of Teachers of English

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Beyond Seven Review No. 52

Posted on Wed 09 September 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 51

Posted on Wed 26 August 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

  • txtlab Multilingual Novels
    "This directory contains 450 novels that appeared between 1770 and 1930 in German, French and English. It is designed for us in teaching and research."
  • Towards Controllable Story Generation
    "We present a general framework of analyzing existing story corpora to generate controllable and creative new stories. The proposed framework needs little manual annotation to achieve controllable story generation. It creates a new interface for humans to interact with computers to generate personalized stories. We apply the framework to build recurrent neural network (RNN)-based generation models to control story ending valence and storyline. Experiments show that our methods successfully achieve the control and enhance the coherence of stories through introducing storylines. with additional control factors, the generation model gets lower perplexity, and yields more coherent stories that are faithful to the control factors according to human evaluation."

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

  • Expert Knowledge Elicitation: Subjective but Scientific
    """Expert opinion and judgment enter into the practice of statistical inference and decision-making in numerous ways. Indeed, there is essentially no aspect of scientific investigation in which judgment is not required. Judgment is necessarily subjective, but should be made as carefully, as objectively, and as scientifically as possible. Elicitation of expert knowledge concerning an uncertain quantity expresses that knowledge in the form of a (subjective) probability distribution for the quantity. Such distributions play an important role in statistical inference (for example as prior distributions in a Bayesian analysis) and in evidence-based decision-making (for example as expressions of uncertainty regarding inputs to a decision model). This article sets out a number of practices through which elicitation can be made as rigorous and scientific as possible. One such practice is to follow a recognized protocol that is designed to address and minimize the cognitive biases that experts are prone to when making probabilistic judgments. We review the leading protocols in the field, and contrast their different approaches to dealing with these biases through the medium of a detailed case study employing the SHELF protocol. The article ends with discussion of how to elicit a joint probability distribution for multiple uncertain quantities, which is a challenge for all the leading protocols. Supplementary materials for this article are available online."""
  • Notes on Riemannian Geometry
    "This writing is a collection of small notes (largely from Lee’s Introduction to Smooth Manifolds and Introduction to Riemannian Manifolds) that I find useful as a reference on this subject."

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Beyond Seven Review No. 50

Posted on Wed 12 August 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

  • The man who taught BHO to cook
    A data-rich close reading of a book by Obama and a book by Ayers. (c.f. Has Critique Run out of Steam) """Obama's floors slant. Ayers' floors slope. Both use skillets. According to the American Heritage Dictionary, the word "skillet" seems "to have been confined to the Midland section of the country." Elsewhere, "frying pan" or "fry pan" is more common. Ayers grew up in Illinois. In "Dreams," which is about 130,000 words in length, the word kitchen appears 29 times. In "Fugitive Days," it appears 11 times in about 100,000 words. As a control, I used my 2000 novel, "2006: The Chautauqua Rising." I have very little interest in cooking. It shows. Although the novel has a 26 year-old male protagonist and any number of domestic settings, the word "kitchen" appears once in about 100,000 words. """
  • What do the experts know? Calibration, precision, and the wisdom of crowds among forensic handwriting experts
    Danielle J. Navarro

Book and publishing history 🚟

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽


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Beyond Seven Review No. 49

Posted on Wed 29 July 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

  • A neat reminder of just how unrepresentative an average can be:
    Superb visualization of recent economic history in the US (1980-2014). "A neat reminder of just how unrepresentative an average can be: Average US income growth 1980-2014 was 1.4% per year. But almost the entire income distribution - 1st-87th percentile - had income growth below this average. Graph from @PikettyLeMonde , Saez & @gabriel_zucman"

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 48

Posted on Wed 15 July 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) literary history and sociology of literature 🦉

  • Mid-Range Reading: Manifesto Edition
    Panel at DH2018. Wonderful references section. Participants: Grant Wythoff (grant.wythoff@gmail.com), Pennsylvania State University, United States of America y Alison Booth (ab6j@virginia.edu), University of Virginia, United States of America y Sarah Allison (sallison@loyno.edu), Loyola University New Orleans, United States of America y Daniel Shore (Daniel.Shore@georgetown.edu), Georgetown University, United States of America

Counterantidisintermediation 🌔

  • Thwarting Tech Giants
    Block traffic to tech giants at the router level. "Streamlined version of the tech in the Goodbye Big Five Series gizmodo.com/c/goodbye-big-five"

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 47

Posted on Wed 01 July 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

Book and publishing history 🚟

  • How Digitization Has Created a Golden Age of Music, Movies, Books, and Television
    JEP piece by Waldfogel. Abstract: "Digitization is disrupting a number of copyright-protected media industries, including books, music, radio, television, and movies. Once information is transformed into digital form, it can be copied and distributed at near-zero marginal costs. This change has facilitated piracy in some industries, which in turn has made it difficult for commercial sellers to continue generating the same levels of revenue for bringing products to market in the traditional ways. Yet despite the sharp revenue reductions for recorded music, as well as threats to revenue in some other traditional media industries, other aspects of digitization have had the offsetting effects of reducing the costs of bringing new products to market in music, movies, books, and television. On balance, digitization has increased the number of new products that are created and made available to consumers. Moreover, given the unpredictable nature of product quality, growth in new products has given rise to substantial increases in the quality of the best products. Although there were concerns that consumer welfare from media products would fall, the opposite scenario has emerged—a golden age for consumers who wish to consume media products. ..."

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 46

Posted on Wed 17 June 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

Book and publishing history 🚟

  • How to self-publish a book: A handy list of resources
    Comments about Bowker's monopoly on ISBNs in the USA.
  • The Elasticity of Demand With Respect to Product Failures; or Why the Market for Quack Medicines Flourished for More Than 150 Years
    Why demand for low-quality products remains (very) high. Abstract: "Between 1810 and 1939, real per capita spending on patent medicines grew by a factor of 114; real per capita GDP by a factor of 5. The long-term growth and survival this industry is puzzling when juxtaposed with standard historical accounts, which typically portray patent medicines as quack medicines. This paper argues that patent medicines were distinguished from other products by an unusually low elasticity of demand with respect to product failure. While consumers in other markets stopped searching for a viable product after a few failed attempts, consumers of patent medicines kept trying different products, irrespective of the number of failed medicines they observed. The market expanded as the stock of people buying potential cures accumulated over time. Because no one was ever cured and consumers possessed a highly inelastic demand with respect to product failures, demand was unrelenting. In short, patent medicines flourished not despite their dubious medicinal qualities, but because of them. There is also evidence that genuine medical advances, such as the rise of the germ theory of disease and new therapeutic interventions, helped expand the market for quack medicines."
  • What we talk about when we talk
    Interesting take on the Dan Mallory fraud.

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺


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