(Quantitative) literary history and sociology of literature 🦉
Literatur in Einfacher Sprache
Description of an April 2019 event on plain-language literature at Literaturhaus Frankfurt.
Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽
The natural selection of bad science
Abstract: Poor research design and data analysis encourage false-positive findings. Such poor methods persist despite perennial calls for improvement, suggesting that they result from something more than just misunderstanding. The persistence of poor methods results partly from incentives that favour them, leading to the natural selection of bad science. This dynamic requires no conscious strategizing—no deliberate cheating nor loafing—by scientists, only that publication is a principal factor for career advancement. Some normative methods of analysis have almost certainly been selected to further publication instead of discovery. In order to improve the culture of science, a shift must be made away from correcting misunderstandings and towards rewarding understanding. We support this argument with empirical evidence and computational modelling. We first present a 60-year meta-analysis of statistical power in the behavioural sciences and show that power has not improved despite repeated demonstrations of the necessity of increasing power. To demonstrate the logical consequences of structural incentives, we then present a dynamic model of scientific communities in which competing laboratories investigate novel or previously published hypotheses using culturally transmitted research methods. As in the real world, successful labs produce more ‘progeny,’ such that their methods are more often copied and their students are more likely to start labs of their own. Selection for high output leads to poorer methods and increasingly high false discovery rates. We additionally show that replication slows but does not stop the process of methodological deterioration. Improving the quality of research requires change at the institutional level.
Free/libre and open-source software 🌺
How to self-publish a book: A handy list of resources
Description of a book-publishing toolchain. Assumes one is publishing a technical book using R.
Replacing Make with Ninja
Introduction to Ninja, a new(ish) build tool.
Articles from blogs I follow around the net
The whole world knows about BLM (Black Lives Matter). Native speakers of English (at least American English — I can't vouch for other varieties) instinctively know what the innately idiomatic intransitive verb "matter" means in this constructi…via Language Log January 12, 2021
Filmmakers responded with enthusiasm and creativity to a call from the Internet Archive to make short films using newly available content from 1925 in celebration of Public Domain Day. They discovered a new freedom in being able to remix film clips with G…via Internet Archive Blogs January 12, 2021
Worum geht es? Das bis Ende März 2021 geförderte BMBF-Projekt CLARIAH-DE führt die Angebote von CLARIN-D und DARIAH-DE nachhaltig zusammen, um Synergien sowie neue Nutzendengruppen zu erschließen. Gerade mit Blick auf generische Dienste oder Basisinfrastr…via DHd-Blog January 12, 2021
Generated by openring