Beyond Seven Review No. 84

Posted on Wed 01 December 2021 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

  • Whodunnit? Crime Drama as a Case for Natural Language Understanding
    Recent TACL article. Abstract: "n this paper we argue that crime drama exemplified in television programs such as CSI:Crime Scene Investigation is an ideal testbed for approximating real-world natural language understanding and the complex inferences associated with it. We propose to treat crime drama as a new inference task, capitalizing on the fact that each episode poses the same basic question (i.e., who committed the crime) and naturally provides the answer when the perpetrator is revealed. We develop a new dataset based on CSI episodes, formalize perpetrator identification as a sequence labeling problem, and develop an LSTM-based model which learns from multi-modal data. Experimental results show that an incremental inference strategy is key to making accurate guesses as well as learning from representations fusing textual, visual, and acoustic input."

(Quantitative) literary history and sociology of literature 🦉

  • Close, But No Cigar: The Bimodal Rewards to Prize-Seeking
    "This article examines the economic effects of prizes with implications for the diversity of market positions, especially in cultural fields. Many prizes have three notable features that together yield an emergent reward structure: (1) consumers treat prizes as judgment devices when making purchase decisions, (2) prizes introduce sharp discontinuities between winners and also-rans, and (3) appealing to prize juries requires costly sacrifices of mass audience appeal. When all three conditions obtain, winning a prize is valuable, but seeking it is costly, so trying and failing yields the worst outcome—a logic we characterize as a Tullock lottery. We test the model with analyses of Oscar nominations and Hollywood films from 1985 through 2009. We create an innovative measure of prize-seeking, or “Oscar appeal,” on the basis of similarity to recent nominees in terms of such things as genre, plot keywords, and release date. We then show that Oscar appeal has no effect on profitability. However, this zero-order relationship conceals that returns to strong Oscar appeals are bimodal, with super-normal returns for nominees and large losses for snubs. We then argue that the effect of judgment devices on fields depends on how they structure and refract information."

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 83

Posted on Wed 17 November 2021 in Beyond Seven Review

Book and publishing history 🚟

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

  • Fisher Information Matrix
    Concise account of the uses of the Fisher Information Matrix.
  • An Outsider's Tour of Reinforcement Learning
    """ An Outsider's Tour of Reinforcement Learning Ben Recht • Updated: Jun 25, 2018 Table of Contents. Make It Happen. Reinforcement Learning as prescriptive analytics. Total Control. Reinforcement Learning as Optimal Control. The Linearization Principle. If a machine learning algorithm does crazy things when restricted to linear models, it’s going to do crazy things on complex nonlinear models too. The Linear Quadratic Regulator. A quick intro to LQR as why it is a great baseline for benchmarking Reinforcement Learning. A Game of Chance to You to Him Is One of Real Skill. Laying out the rules of the RL Game and comparing to Iterative Learning Control. The Policy of Truth. Policy Gradient is a Gradient Free Optimization Method. A Model, You Know What I Mean? Nominal control and the power of models. Updates on Policy Gradients. Can we fix policy gradient with algorithmic enhancements? Clues for Which I Search and Choose. Simple methods solve apparently complex RL benchmarks. The Best Things in Life Are Model Free. PID control and its connection to optimization methods popular in machine learning. Catching Signals That Sound in the Dark. PID for iterative learning control. Lost Horizons. Relating popular techniques from RL to methods from Model Predictive Control. Coarse-ID Control. Combining high-dimensional statistics and robust optimization for the data-driven control of uncertain systems. Towards Actionable Intelligence. """

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 82

Posted on Wed 03 November 2021 in Beyond Seven Review

Counterantidisintermediation 🌔

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 81

Posted on Wed 20 October 2021 in Beyond Seven Review

Book and publishing history 🚟

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺

  • Announcing a draft guide for identifying public domain serial content
    Good work by John Mark Ockerbloom. Here's the start of the post, "Back in June, I announced that we had completed an inventory of all serials with active copyright renewals made through 1977, based on listings in the Copyright Office’s Catalog of Copyright Entries. At the time, I said we’d also be releasing a draft of suggested procedures for using the information there, along with other data, to quickly identify and check public domain serial content."
  • Aozora Bunko (青空文庫)
    Project-Gutenberg-like for Japanese texts. (Wikipedia page)

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Beyond Seven Review No. 80

Posted on Wed 06 October 2021 in Beyond Seven Review

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

  • ArchiveBox / ArchiveBox
    "card_file_box Open source self-hosted web archiving. Takes URLs/browser history/bookmarks/Pocket/Pinboard/etc., saves HTML, JS, PDFs, media, and more... " ~10k stars on GitHub.

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺

Scholarly communication 🦓


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Beyond Seven Review No. 79

Posted on Wed 22 September 2021 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

Book and publishing history 🚟

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 78

Posted on Wed 08 September 2021 in Beyond Seven Review

Book and publishing history 🚟

  • Intellectual property - Counterpoint - ABC Radio National
    ABC episode on Intellectual property. Samir Chopra, Professor of Philosophy, interviewed.
  • Article Mainstream Macroeconomics and Modern Monetary Theory: What Really Divides Them? By Arjun Jayadev and J. W. Mason
    > Following Abba Lerner’s influential formulation, this component is often referred to as functional finance (Lerner 1943). Our goal here is not to make an assessment of MMT as a whole, but to ask what is the relationship between the functional finance approach to government budgets and conventional economic analysis. Because we are interested in the logic of the functional-finance position rather than in MMT as a body of thought, we make only limited references to MMT literature here. Our primary interest is in the merits of the functional finance position in the abstract. On the mainstream side, we are focused on what might be called “orthodox policy macroeconomics”—the practical heuristics that guide policy makers and are reflected in undergraduate textbooks, as opposed to DSGE and related models of intertemporal optimization that are the basis of most current macroeconomic theory. The relevant question is not whether MMT is consistent with models of this type, but whether it is consistent with the simpler, more reduced form models that are (explicitly or implicitly) drawn on by public officials and public and private-sector forecasters, as well as by academic economists when engaged in public discussions.

Counterantidisintermediation 🌔

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺

  • Ethics of Digital Librarianship (1992)
    > Ethics of Digital Librarianship > Brewster Kahle > Thinking Machines (now brewster@archive.org) > February 1992 > Distributed with the freeware WAIS releases

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Beyond Seven Review No. 77

Posted on Wed 25 August 2021 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽


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Beyond Seven Review No. 76

Posted on Wed 11 August 2021 in Beyond Seven Review

Counterantidisintermediation 🌔

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺

  • The Fake News Crisis That Wasn't
    "Bob speaks with Brendan Nyhan, government professor at Dartmouth College, about his latest study, Selective Exposure to Misinformation: Evidence from the consumption of fake news during the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign. Nyhan, along with scholars Andrew Guess and Jason Reifler, found that the echo chambers we feared were actually narrower, albeit deeper, than previously assumed."

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Beyond Seven Review No. 75

Posted on Wed 28 July 2021 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) literary history and sociology of literature 🦉

  • EN2C9/EN3C9 The Global Novel
    "Students taking this module will read novels from all around the world, from the 19th century to the present, within the framework of recent debates over world-literature, modernity, and the still unfolding process of globalisation. We will consider how widening our comparative and international perspective enables us to read and interpret novels (even the most seemingly ‘local’ or ‘national’ productions) as irresistibly ‘global’. The module analyses how certain novelistic forms, themes and issues ‘travel’. Students will discover ways in which certain works contain traces, adaptations and importations of ‘core’ (or global) issues, and adapt, remodel or reject them in accordance with local/national forms and expressions. Issues such as work/war/resources/imperialism/climate/finance/disaster/modernisation and others will be traced as we work to establish each novel's 'globality'. We will consider a number of elements in form and subgenre - magic realism/blog novels/graphic novels/speculative fiction/annalistic wiritng, but we will also look at each work's mediation, its commercial and cultural production and its geopolitical conditioning. You'll also pick up a solid understanding of the crucial issues and debates in globalisation. The module will read novels from Scotland to China, Saudi Arabia to Colombia, England to the U.S, and demonstrate why a global perspective is a necessary requisite for literary studies in the 21st century."

Counterantidisintermediation 🌔

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

  • Files are fraught with peril
    Talk by Dan Luu on using files. "This is a psuedo-transcript for a talk given at Deconstruct 2019."
  • Security Guidelines for Congressional Campaigns
    "The good news is, if you follow these guidelines, you will have a high level of protection against being 'Podesta-ed'. The easiest way to get this protection is to form good security habits before you need them."

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