Beyond Seven Review No. 42

Posted on Wed 22 April 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

Book and publishing history 🚟

Counterantidisintermediation 🌔

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

  • Experimental Design and the Reliability of Priming Effects: Reconsidering the "Train Wreck"
    Abstract: "Failures to replicate high-profile priming effects have raised questions about the reliability of priming phenomena. Studies at the discussion’s center, labeled “social priming,” have been interpreted as a specific indictment of priming that is social in nature. However, “social priming” differs from other priming effects in multiple ways. The present research examines one important difference: whether effects have been demonstrated with within- or between-subjects experimental designs. To examine the significance of this feature, we assess the reliability of four well-known priming effects from the cognitive and social psychological literatures using both between- and within-subjects designs and analyses. All four priming effects are reliable when tested using a within-subjects approach. In contrast, only one priming effect reaches that statistical threshold when using a between-subjects approach. This demonstration serves as a salient illustration of the underappreciated importance of experimental design for statistical power, generally, and for the reliability of priming effects, specifically."

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 41

Posted on Wed 08 April 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

  • Translating a Language You Don’t Know in the Chinese Room
    Ulf Hermjakob et al., “Translating a Language You Don’t Know in the Chinese Room,” in Proceedings of ACL 2018, System Demonstrations, 2018, 62–67.
  • Diversity of Artists in Major U.S. Museums
    Chad M. Topaz et al., “Diversity of Artists in Major U.S. Museums,” PLOS ONE 14, no. 3 (March 20, 2019): e0212852, https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0212852. Abstract: The U.S. art museum sector is grappling with diversity. While previous work has investigated the demographic diversity of museum staffs and visitors, the diversity of artists in their collections has remained unreported. We conduct the first large-scale study of artist diversity in museums. By scraping the public online catalogs of 18 major U.S. museums, deploying a sample of 10,000 artist records comprising over 9,000 unique artists to crowdsourcing, and analyzing 45,000 responses, we infer artist genders, ethnicities, geographic origins, and birth decades. Our results are threefold. First, we provide estimates of gender and ethnic diversity at each museum, and overall, we find that 85% of artists are white and 87% are men. Second, we identify museums that are outliers, having significantly higher or lower representation of certain demographic groups than the rest of the pool. Third, we find that the relationship between museum collection mission and artist diversity is weak, suggesting that a museum wishing to increase diversity might do so without changing its emphases on specific time periods and regions. Our methodology can be used to broadly and efficiently assess diversity in other fields.

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 40

Posted on Wed 25 March 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

  • Building Dynamic Knowledge Graphs from Text-based Games
    Steps towards playing arbitrary text-based games. From the first paragraph: "Text-based games are complex, interactive simulations in which text describes the game state and players make progress by entering text actions. They can be seen as sequential decision making tasks where accomplishing certain goals earns rewards (points). Solving these games requires both Reinforcement Learning (RL) and Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques."
  • PodcastRE: A searchable, researchable archive of podcasting culture
    Interesting project. Seems to have a pay-to-access data download available.

Counterantidisintermediation 🌔

  • How to Block Amazon, Google, Apple, Facebook, and Microsoft
    This (part of) a superb piece of reporting. It's the technical side of this article/series: https://gizmodo.com/c/goodbye-big-five "When Gizmodo reporter Kashmir Hill, or Kash, as I call her, approached me about her desire to rid herself of these companies, I was excited. As consumers, we are afforded only a few avenues of acceptable dissent—the most reasonable of which is that, if you don’t like what a company is doing, you can move your money and data elsewhere."

Scholarly communication 🦓


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Beyond Seven Review No. 39

Posted on Wed 11 March 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

Counterantidisintermediation 🌔

  • Exclusive: Apple dropped plan for encrypting backups after FBI complained - sources
    Great reporting. Firm evidence that Apple is not genuinely committed to user privacy. Contradicts Apple's public-facing marketing and PR. Apple dropped plans to let iPhone users fully encrypt backups of their devices at the request of the FBI. '“They decided they weren’t going to poke the bear anymore,” the person said, referring to Apple’s court battle with the FBI in 2016 over access to an iPhone ...'

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺

  • Internet Research Agency Indictment
    From 2018. Lots of details about how the Russian firm used social media.
  • Playing Soviet: The Visual Language of Early Soviet Children's Books, 1917-1953
    >What is “Playing Soviet?” This interactive database of children’s book illustrations draws the little-known and rarely-seen Soviet children’s books from the Cotsen Collection at Princeton’s Firestone Library. The featured illustrations have been selected and annotated by a diverse group of scholars and students of Russian and Soviet culture. The site’s customizable data visualizations, still under construction, will map relationships among artists, image types, color, style, and publication information.

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Beyond Seven Review No. 38

Posted on Wed 26 February 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

Book and publishing history 🚟

Counterantidisintermediation 🌔

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺

  • The Obama Presidential Center Will Curate Its Own Story | On the Media | WNYC Studios
    "... We learned from the New York Times last month that the Obama Foundation, after building the Obama Presidential Center, would itself curate the museum exhibits documenting his presidency. (The National Archives will manage the documents themselves.) This week, Bob speaks with Louise Bernard, director of the museum at the Obama Presidential Center, and Tim Naftali, historian and former director of the Nixon Presidential Library and Museum, about the Obama Foundation's arrangement with the National Archives, and what Naftali worries this could mean for future presidential libraries."

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Beyond Seven Review No. 37

Posted on Wed 12 February 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) literary history and sociology of literature 🦉

  • A Critique of ‘Literary Worlds’ in World Literature Theory in: Journal of World Literature Volume 3 Issue 3 (2018)
    "Recently, critics of world literature such as Alexander Beecroft, Eric Hayot, and Haun Saussy have argued that a multitude of possible literary worlds make up the world of world literature. Literary worlds theory provides a richer and more relativistic account of how literary production and analysis work than do similar models such as Franco Moretti’s and Pascale Casanova’s world literary systems. However, the theory runs into two difficulties: it downplays the socio-historical situation of the critic and the text; and it has difficulty accounting for the cross-world identity of characters and how logically inconsistent worlds access one another. To refine the theory, I modify G.E.R. Lloyd’s concept of the “multidimensionality” of reality and literature. Strengthening Lloyd’s concept through reference to recent work in comparative East-West philosophy, I contend that the addition of Lloyd’s theory resolves the problems presented above while still allowing for a relativistic critical approach to world literature."

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

  • PsyArXiv Preprints | Many analysts, one dataset: Making transparent how variations in analytical choices affect results
    "Twenty-nine teams involving 61 analysts used the same dataset to address the same research question: whether soccer referees are more likely to give red cards to dark skin toned players than light skin toned players. Analytic approaches varied widely across teams, and estimated effect sizes ranged from 0.89 to 2.93 in odds ratio units, with a median of 1.31. Twenty teams (69%) found a statistically significant positive effect and nine teams (31%) observed a non-significant relationship. Overall 29 different analyses used 21 unique combinations of covariates. We found that neither analysts' prior beliefs about …

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Beyond Seven Review No. 36

Posted on Wed 29 January 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) literary history and sociology of literature 🦉

Book and publishing history 🚟

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺

  • Composing Programs
    "Welcome to Composing Programs, a free online introduction to programming and computer science." Mentions SICP.

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Beyond Seven Review No. 35

Posted on Wed 15 January 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) literary history and sociology of literature 🦉

  • Learning From World Literature in the South
    "More to the point, world literature is a phenomenon of the southern United States. The 11 southern states contained only 14 percent of the nation’s population, but they accounted for half of our adopters."

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺

  • Es geht um Respekt
    "Wir brauchen einen grundsätzlichen Wandel im Umgang mit jungen Wissenschaftlern an unseren Universitäten. Und dieser Wandel fängt bei der Vergabe der Promotionsstellen an. Ein Plädoyer von Ulrich Radtke."
  • 365 RFCs
    "Commenting on one RFC a day in honor of the 50th anniversary of the first RFC."

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Beyond Seven Review No. 34

Posted on Wed 01 January 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

  • Stanley and Me
    "Stanley and Me" by Stephen Ramsay. Ramsey on Stanley Fish's "What's the Matter with Stylistics" articles. Preserved by the Internet Archive.

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

  • What is the space overhead of Base64 encoding?
    Marvelous post describing how using base64-encoded images in HTML is remarkably efficient thanks to gzip compression. gzip compression (or something better) is used by most HTTP servers.

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺

Scholarly communication 🦓


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Beyond Seven Review No. 33

Posted on Wed 18 December 2019 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

  • On the State of the Art of Evaluation in Neural Language Models
    Abstract: """Ongoing innovations in recurrent neural network architectures have provided a steady influx of apparently state-of-the-art results on language modelling benchmarks. However, these have been evaluated using differing code bases and limited computational resources, which represent uncontrolled sources of experimental variation. We reevaluate several popular architectures and regularisation methods with large-scale automatic black-box hyperparameter tuning and arrive at the somewhat surprising conclusion that standard LSTM architectures, when properly regularised, outperform more recent models. We establish a new state of the art on the Penn Treebank and Wikitext-2 corpora, as well as strong baselines on the Hutter Prize dataset."""

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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