Beyond Seven Review No. 59

Posted on Wed 16 December 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

  • Awareness Reduces Racial Bias
    Preprint: https://www.nber.org/papers/w19765 "Can raising awareness of racial bias subsequently reduce that bias? We address this question by exploiting the widespread media attention highlighting racial bias among professional basketball referees that occurred in May 2007 following the release of an academic study. Using new data, we confirm that racial bias persisted in the years after the study’s original sample but prior to the media coverage. Subsequent to the media coverage, though, the bias disappeared. Several potential mechanisms may have produced this result, including voluntary behavior changes by individual referees, adjustments by players to new information, and changes in referee behavior due to institutional pressure. These results suggest a new kind of Hawthorne effect in which greater scrutiny of even subtle forms of bias can bring about meaningful change."

Counterantidisintermediation 🌔

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

  • Thinking about “Abandon statistical significance,” p-values, etc.
    "We had some good discussion the other day following up on the article, “Retire Statistical Significance,” by Valentin Amrhein, Sander Greenland, and Blake McShane. I have a lot to say, and it’s hard to put it all together, in part because my collaborators and I have said much of it already, in various forms. For now I thought I’d start by listing my different thoughts in a short post while I figure out how best to organize all of this."

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 58

Posted on Wed 02 December 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) literary history and sociology of literature 🦉

  • Quantitative Methods in Literary Studies and the Humanities: Systematic and Historical Perspectives
    Open-access book published in 2018. Overview: "Starting from the early 19th century, quantitative methods have been applied to describe, analyze, and interpret texts in literary studies and the humanities. With the emergence of the "digital humanities," such approaches have gained in importance. The volume aims to historically contextualize and examine quantifying procedures in relation to theory and to assess the value of quantitative data in the humanities."

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 57

Posted on Wed 18 November 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 56

Posted on Wed 04 November 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

Book and publishing history 🚟

  • Market Structure: Theory and Evidence
    Starts with questions I'm interested in (in the context of the text industry): "Why are some industries dominated worldwide by a handful of firms? Why is the size distribution of firms within most industries highly skewed?"

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 55

Posted on Wed 21 October 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

  • Discussion on overfitting in cluster analysis
    Gelman on (not) using BIC for estimating number of clusters in a mixture model. "I think BIC is fundamentally different from AIC, WAIC, LOO, etc, in that all those other things are estimates of out-of-sample prediction error, while BIC is some weird thing that under certain ridiculous special cases corresponds to an approximation to the log marginal probability."

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

  • HATEOAS
    A section from PayPal's API style guide. Useful examples.

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺

  • On Weaponised Design
    On UX in an era of surveillance capitalism. "User Experience Design has blossomed from a niche industry in the halls of Silicon Valley’s early startup darlings to a force that architects our digital lives. Today, user experience design is wholly responsible for modelling human expression and self identity, and enabling interaction and participation online. Design today shares as much in common with information security research as it does with behavioural science or aesthetics. By failing to criticise common design practices or form cooperative relationships with other technology fields, user experience designers are effectively refusing to recognise and respond to traumatic cases of its own work being used to harm users."

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Beyond Seven Review No. 54

Posted on Wed 07 October 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

Counterantidisintermediation 🌔

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

  • Battling Expertise with the Power of Ignorance | Articles | Bill James Online
    """I want to point out to you in passing that “getting the answers right” had almost nothing to do with the success of my career. My reputation is based entirely on finding the right questions to ask—that is, in finding questions that have objective answers, but to which no one happens to know what the objective answer is. That’s what I did 35 years ago; that’s what I do now. When I do that, it makes almost no difference whether I get the answer right, or whether I get it a little bit wrong. Of course I do my very best to get the answers right, out of pride and caution, but it doesn’t actually matter. Why? Because if I don’t get the answer right, somebody else will."""

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 53

Posted on Wed 23 September 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

Counterantidisintermediation 🌔

  • How to Buy Drugs
    LRB piece on how the online drug market has changed the drug trade.

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺

  • White Words
    Aaron Bady on the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis. "“Eskimos Have Fifty Words for Snow” is an amazing phrase, because every word in it is wrong."
  • Statement on Gender and Language
    Statement on Gender and Language by the National Council of Teachers of English

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Beyond Seven Review No. 52

Posted on Wed 09 September 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

Free/libre and open-source software 🌺

Information and Geisteswissenschaften 🏺


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Beyond Seven Review No. 51

Posted on Wed 26 August 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

  • txtlab Multilingual Novels
    "This directory contains 450 novels that appeared between 1770 and 1930 in German, French and English. It is designed for us in teaching and research."
  • Towards Controllable Story Generation
    "We present a general framework of analyzing existing story corpora to generate controllable and creative new stories. The proposed framework needs little manual annotation to achieve controllable story generation. It creates a new interface for humans to interact with computers to generate personalized stories. We apply the framework to build recurrent neural network (RNN)-based generation models to control story ending valence and storyline. Experiments show that our methods successfully achieve the control and enhance the coherence of stories through introducing storylines. with additional control factors, the generation model gets lower perplexity, and yields more coherent stories that are faithful to the control factors according to human evaluation."

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽

  • Expert Knowledge Elicitation: Subjective but Scientific
    """Expert opinion and judgment enter into the practice of statistical inference and decision-making in numerous ways. Indeed, there is essentially no aspect of scientific investigation in which judgment is not required. Judgment is necessarily subjective, but should be made as carefully, as objectively, and as scientifically as possible. Elicitation of expert knowledge concerning an uncertain quantity expresses that knowledge in the form of a (subjective) probability distribution for the quantity. Such distributions play an important role in statistical inference (for example as prior distributions in a Bayesian analysis) and in evidence-based decision-making (for example as expressions of uncertainty regarding inputs to a decision model). This article sets out a number of practices through which elicitation can be made as rigorous and scientific as possible. One such practice is to follow a recognized protocol that is designed to address and minimize the cognitive biases that experts are prone to when making probabilistic judgments. We review the leading protocols in the field, and contrast their different approaches to dealing with these biases through the medium of a detailed case study employing the SHELF protocol. The article ends with discussion of how to elicit a joint probability distribution for multiple uncertain quantities, which is a challenge for all the leading protocols. Supplementary materials for this article are available online."""
  • Notes on Riemannian Geometry
    "This writing is a collection of small notes (largely from Lee’s Introduction to Smooth Manifolds and Introduction to Riemannian Manifolds) that I find useful as a reference on this subject."

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Beyond Seven Review No. 50

Posted on Wed 12 August 2020 in Beyond Seven Review

(Quantitative) cultural studies 🚣

  • The man who taught BHO to cook
    A data-rich close reading of a book by Obama and a book by Ayers. (c.f. Has Critique Run out of Steam) """Obama's floors slant. Ayers' floors slope. Both use skillets. According to the American Heritage Dictionary, the word "skillet" seems "to have been confined to the Midland section of the country." Elsewhere, "frying pan" or "fry pan" is more common. Ayers grew up in Illinois. In "Dreams," which is about 130,000 words in length, the word kitchen appears 29 times. In "Fugitive Days," it appears 11 times in about 100,000 words. As a control, I used my 2000 novel, "2006: The Chautauqua Rising." I have very little interest in cooking. It shows. Although the novel has a 26 year-old male protagonist and any number of domestic settings, the word "kitchen" appears once in about 100,000 words. """
  • What do the experts know? Calibration, precision, and the wisdom of crowds among forensic handwriting experts
    Danielle J. Navarro

Book and publishing history 🚟

Data analysis and Bayesian statistics ⚽


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